Jepun dikenali sebagai Nippon atau Nihon adalah sebuah negara pulau di Asia Timur. Terletak di Lautan Pasifik, ia terletak di pantai timur benua Asia dan terbentang dari Laut Okhotsk di utara ke Laut China Timur dan Laut Filipina di selatan.
Ia sering dipanggil “Tanah Matahari Terbit”. 日本 (huruf Kanji yang bisa dibaca sebagai Nippon atau Nihon). 日, Ni, adalah huruf Kanji untuk Matahari. 本, Hon, adalah huruf Kanji untuk sumber/asal/akar. Apabila digabungkan menjadi, Sumber Matahari, dengan kata lain iaitu Matahari Terbit.
Ia mempunyai empat kawasan iaitu Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, dan Shikoku. Negara Jepun dibahagikan kepada 47 buah wilayah. Setiap wilayah Jepun terdapat pelbagai kawasan perbandaran. Di Jepun, terdapat empat jenis kawasan perbandaran iaitu bandar terancang, bandar utama, bandar istimewa, bandar, pekan, kampung serta wad istimewa (Greater Tokyo). Hokkaido sebagai wilayah paling utara dan Okinawa yang paling selatan. Penduduknya ialah 127 juta iaitu ke sepuluh terbesar di dunia, di mana 98.5% adalah etnik Jepun. 90.7% orang tinggal di bandar, manakala 9.3% tinggal di kawasan pedalaman. Sekitar 13.8 juta orang tinggal di Tokyo, iaitu ibukota Jepun. Kawasan ‘Greater Tokyo‘ adalah kawasan metropolitan yang paling ramai penduduk di dunia dengan lebih daripada 38 juta orang.
4 Kepulauan Besar — Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku
8 Regions — Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kansai, Chugoku, Kyushu and Shikoku
47 Prefectures — as below
Japan Was Divided To The 4 Largest Areas
(Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku)
(Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku)
Honshu is the main island of Japan. The largest and most populous island of Japan, located south of Hokkaido across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu across the Kanmon Straits. The island separates the Sea of Japan, which lies to its north and west, from the North Pacific Ocean to its south and east. It is the seventh-largest island in the world, and the second-most populous after the Indonesian island of Java. Honshu had a population of 104 million as of 2017, mostly concentrated in the coastal lowlands, notably in the Kantō plain where 25% of the total population resides in the Greater Tokyo Area.
Hokkaido is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture. The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaido from Honshu. The two islands are connected by the undersea railway Seikan Tunnel. The largest city on Hokkaido is its capital, Sapporo, which is also its only ordinance-designated city. About 43 km north of Hokkaido lies Sakhalin Island, Russia.
Kyushu (九州 Kyūshū, is the third largest island of Japan and most southwesterly of its four main islands. The island is mountainous, and Japan’s most active volcano, Mt Aso located here. The island is separated from Honshu by the Kanmon Straits.
Shikoku (四国, literally “four provinces”) is the smallest (225 km or 139.8 mi long and between 50 and 150 km or 31.1 and 93.2 mi wide) and least populous (3.8 million as of 2015) of the four main islands of Japan, located south of Honshu and east of the island of Kyushu. Shikoku comprises 3.1 percent of the entire population of Japan.
8 Regions in Japan
Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kansai, Chugoku, Shikoku and Kyushu,
Hokkaido formerly known as Ezo, Yezo, Yeso, or Yesso, is the second largest island of Japan, and the largest and northernmost prefecture. The Tsugaru Strait separates Hokkaido from Honshu. The two islands are connected by the undersea railway Seikan Tunnel. The largest city on Hokkaido is its capital, Sapporo, which is also its only ordinance-designated city. About 43 km north of Hokkaido lies Sakhalin Island, Russia.
Largest City : Sapporo
Tohoku region is Northeast Japan consists of the northeastern portion of Honshu. This traditional region consist of 6 prefectures (ken) : Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi and Yamagata. Tohoku retains a reputation as a remote, scenic region with a hars climate. In the 20th century, tourism became a major inductry in the Tohoku region.
Largest city : Sendai
Kanto region is Honshu. The region includes the Greater Tokyo Area and encompasses 7 prefectures: Gunma, Tochigi, Ibaraki, Saitama, Tokyo, Chiba and Kanagawa. Within its boundaries, slightly more than 45 percent of the land area if the Kanto Plain. The rest consists of the hills and mountains that form the land borders. The population was 42,607,376 amounting to approximately one third of the total population of Japan.
Largest City: Tokyo
Chubu Central region, or Central Japan is a region in the middle of Honshu, Japan’s main island. It encompasses 9 prefectures (ken): Aichi, Fukui, Gifu, Ishikawa, Nagano, Niigata, Shizuoka, Toyama and Yamanashi. It is located directly between the Kanto region and the Kansai region includes the major city of Nagoya as well as along the Pacific Ocean and Sea of Japan coastlines, extensive mountain resorts, and Mount Fuji. the region is the widest part of Honshu and the central part is characterized by high, rugged mountains. The Japanese Alps divide the country into the Pacific side, sunny in the winter and the Sea of Japan side, snowy in winter.
Largest city : Nagoya
Kansai region lies in the southern-central region of Japan’s main island Honshu. The region includes the prefectures of Mie, nara, Wakayama, Kyoto, Osaka, Hyogo and Shiga sometimes Fukui,Tokushima and Tottori. While the use of the terms Kansai and Kinki have changed over history, in most modern contexts the use of the two terms interchangeable. The urbon region of Osaka, Kobe and Kyoto (Keihanshin region) is the second-most populated in Japan after the Greater Tokyo Area.
Largest City : Osaka
Chugoku regions is the western most region of Honshu. It consists of the prefectures of Hiroshima, Okayama, Shimane, Tottori and Yamaguchi. Primarily in the tourism industry, in order to avoid confusing the Chugokuregion with China, the Chugoku region is also called
“San’in‐San’yō region”. San’in (“yīn of the mountains”) is the northern part facing the Sea of Japan. San’yō (“yáng of the mountains”) is the southern part facing the Seto Inland Sea. These names were created using the yīnyáng‐based place‐naming scheme.
Largest city: Hiroshima
Season in Japan
Japan has 4 seasons and these four seasons provide a different experiences because it creates a different atmosphere and outlook:
iii. Summer Season – June to August
iv. Autumn Season – September to November
In addition to the 4 seasons above, there are also rainy season and hurricane season occurring in summer.
Source : Wikipedia